National Park Sutjeska is the oldest and largest national park in BiH, which is by its natural values and beauties the pearl of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It covers the area of Sutjeska with strict natural reserve Perućica, parts of the mountains Maglić (2386 m – the highest peak in BiH), Volujak, Vučeva and Zelengora. Thanks to the outstanding natural values and their preservation, since 2000, NP Sutjeska has been included in II category of IUCN (UN Department of Nature and Natural Resources). NP Sutjeska is the most diverse complex of ecosystems on the territory of BiH and one of the most diverse in the area of Southeast Europe. The entire area of the park is distinguished by the exceptional beauty and diversity of landscape shapes – from pitiful valleys, dense forest complexes, mountain pastures to high mountain massifs. On Zelengora there are eight glacier lakes of “mountain eyes”, and what also characterizes this area are the deep canyons of Sutjeska, Hrčavka and Jabučnica, clear mountain rivers rich in trout trout. It is a very valuable and rich pool of wildlife and rare plant species, many of which are endemic. In the very heart of the Park there is a strict natural reserve Perućica (1434 ha), the most well-preserved and the biggest rainforest in Europe, in which since the establishment of a national park strictly prohibited any kind and the intervention of man. In the territory of the national park Sutjeska there are numerous monuments of old and newer history.
In the process of creating and developing “ecological awareness”, national parks play a very important role, not only because of the role in protecting the natural heritage, but especially in the field of information and education.
National parks are largely governed by the laws of nature. Parks were established to protect the natural dynamics of one space. Birth, growth and dying – the eternal natural cycle can be clearly seen here, and people can discover its laws again. National parks protect the natural, as well as cultural and historical heritage, for present and future generations. The most important task of national parks is the protection of natural processes. Although the basic role of national parks is protection, they do not exclude people. On the contrary, visitors who accept the rules of the park are welcome and understand the importance and need of protection. In the park, you can feel the nature of all your senses and develop a deep, personal relationship with nature, so important for understanding the complex natural processes. Along with preserving nature, education is one of the most important tasks of national parks.
There is no doubt that in deciding to declare this area as a national park, the principle of an objective and professional choice of natural and cultural-historical values should be respected, which should be placed under that vision
Also, through the development of the park, thanks to the interest of scientists and experts from various fields, protection methods are defined, professionally and scientifically based.
Finally, a complex management policy has been established, ie, adequate protection of natural and cultural-historical values.
Sutjeska National Park rightfully bears the epithet as a “jewel of Republic of Srpska”. It is the biggest and oldest national park in Republic of Srpska and Bosnia and Herzegovina, covers the area of 16,052.34 hectares, of which more then 66% is covered with forest, meadows and pastures. Park extends over an mountain area at junction of borders of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro, and it is bounded with rivers Piva, Drina and Neretva and mountains Bioč, Vučevo, Maglić, Volujak, Lebršnik and Zelengora. The highest peak of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Maglić (2,386 m.n.v.), is located in the area of the Park. Considering its beauty and the fact that it is intact nature, this national park was categorized as II category according to IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) in year 2000. Sutjeska National Park represents one of the most diversive ecosystems in Bosnia and Herzegovina, one of the most peculiar in southeast Europe. At the heart of the Park, there is a strict nature reserve Perućica (1.434 ha), the largest and best preserved primeval forest in Europe, where any intervention and human interference is strictly forbidden since establishment of the National Park. This is a place where nature admirers can find everything they could wish for – from pleasant valleys, dense forested areas, mountain meadows to high mountain ranges. There are eight glacier lakes on Zelengora mountain, and they are known as “Mountain eyes”, but also, there are impressive canyons of Sutjeska, Hrčavka and Jabučnica, clear mountain rivers teeming with brown trout.Wild animals fund is very valuable and rich, as well as fund of rare plant species, many of which are andemic. In the National Park area there are many monuments from different eras. The Sutjeska Battle ( The Fifth Offensive, “Operation Schwarz”) took place between 15th May and 15th June in the region of Montenegro, eastern Herzegovina and eastern Bosnia. The final and bloodiest struggles happened in the area of the Sutjeska River and the surrounding mountains. In memory of this great battle a memorial complex was built with a monument, authored by sculptor Miodrag Živković as its central part. There is also Sutjeska Battle Memorial House, an architectural master – piece of Ranko Radović very young Belgrade architect at the time. The Sutjeska National Park is managed by the Public Institution National Park “Sutjeska”, based in Tjentiste. It is a member of the EUROPARC.
National Park Sutjeska (NPS) was established by the Law on the Proclamation of the National Park Sutjeska adopted by the Republican Assembly on January 13, 1962 (Official Gazette of Bosnia and Herzegovina No. 5/62, February 09, 1962). The National Park of Sutjeska was proclaimed a public company by the Government of the Republika Srpska by Decision No. 02-1064 / 96.17. August 1996 in Trebinje (reg.no.1-1272-00).
NPS is an independent, legal body based in Tjentiste. It is included in IUCN, an international list of national parks.
The scientific and educational value of the ancient Perućica forest, which is located within the Park, has been known since 1956, and the park is under the protection of UNESCO. The development of the NPS in the past was largely based on historical events from the Second World War. In memory of the Battle of Sutjeska, 60s in and around the Park, numerous monuments were erected. In 1971 a memorial complex was erected at Tjentište.
There is a great number of archaeological sites, ethnic and historical features in the NPS as well as in its surroundings. This cultural and historical heritage provides an insight into the connection of nature and human culture.